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Definitions

  • Sexual Assault Kit: A box that contains materials for documenting and preserving evidence collected during a forensic sexual assault examination at a medical facility.
  • Unsubmitted Sexual Assault Kit: A sexual assault kit that was not sent to the Washington State Crime Lab for forensic testing by law enforcement.
  • Unreported/Anonymous Sexual Assault Kit: A sexual assault kit which was collected at the hospital, but the survivor chose not to file a report with law enforcement.
  • CODIS: The Combined DNA Indexing System is a software system that contains databases of DNA profiles including convicted offender profiles and profiles from sexual assault kits and crime scenes. For more information about CODIS Click here.
  • CODIS hit: A foreign DNA profile from a sexual assault kit that was uploaded into CODIS and matched against one or more profiles within CODIS.
  • Forensic hit: A foreign DNA profile from a sexual assault kit that was uploaded into CODIS and hit against a profile in the forensic index. The forensic index contains evidentiary profiles from crimes and are connected to incidents or cases and not to specific individual people.
  • Offender hit: A foreign DNA profile from a sexual assault kit that was uploaded into CODIS and matched a DNA profile in the offender or arrestee index. The offender and arrestee indexes contain DNA profiles obtained at the point of arrest or conviction and are connected to a named individual. For the purposes of this project, offender hits can be classified as cold or warm hits. This terminology and sub-classification is different than current FBI/CODIS terminology.
  • Cold hit: A foreign DNA profile from a sexual assault kit that matched the DNA profile of an offender or arrestee and that offender/arrestee was not named as a suspect in the case associated with the sexual assault kit.
  • Warm (confirmatory) hit: A foreign DNA profile from a sexual assault kit that matched the DNA profile of an offender or arrestee and that offender/arrestee was named as a suspect in the case associated with the sexual assault kit.
  • SANE: A Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner or SANE, is a nurse trained to conduct forensic medical examinations.
  • SAKI: Sexual Assault Kit Initiative
  • WSPCL: Washington State Patrol Crime Laboratory
  • DNA: Deoxyribonucleic Acid